Archive for the ‘Films/Shows/Talks’ Category

The first Women’s Refuge in New Zealand (and possibly the world) started just round the corner from my home, at 249 Kilmore Street. Rosemary Howard spoke of how this came about. There were no photos to illustrate her talk, partly because of the time (1970s) and partly because of the need to keep Refuge secret.

In the 1970s Rosemary, who described herself as independent, curious and naive, moved from the North Island to study Sociology at the University of Canterbury. Subjects such as the Role of Women, Deviant Behaviour, and Race Relations were greatly stimulating and made her think about the structure of our society. At the age of 19 she joined a group of 60 people, academic and professional, who were thinking about alternative ways of living and how they might develop community and share childcare.

When a large historic house in Merivale, Chippenham Lodge built in 1862 and probably designed by Benjamin Mountfort, came up for sale in 1971 with a price of $20,000 they decided to buy it, and the community began. In an early version of crowdfunding they were able to raise the capital needed. Next they bought the house next door in Mansfield Avenue which cost $24,000. To support and nurture their ideas about sustainability they also bought Cricklegrass Farm at Oxford for $14,000. In 1972 there were 24 adults and about 10 children living on the three properties.

The intention of the community was to share resources and effect social change. Shared roles and childcare gave members the freedom to be involved in various projects such as Greenpeace and Four Avenues Alternative School, and they became social activists. I remember going to a Green Party dinner at Chippenham in the later 1980s, where the entrance pathway was attractively outlined with tea light candles.

In the 1970s Women’s Liberation was a strong movement in Aotearoa. Organisations such as the National Organization of Women and Zonta were all thinking and asking questions about the limitations placed on women, e.g.abortion law reform and equal pay. Women could not enter a public bar, and banks refused to accept a woman as a signatory for a loan. When Rosemary was refused equal pay at Watties she chained herself to a pea harvester. Broadsheet magazine, first published in 1972 fuelled the fire of many women and led to the United Women’s Conventions and the Radical Feminist Network. Women from all walks of life were talking and asking questions about patriarchy.

A meeting place for local women was needed, and the Chippenham group rented half a house at 249 Kilmore Street as a place where women could meet and talk about their oppression. (The house has since been replaced by townhouses.) Books about feminism were being circulated. The power imbalance between the sexes was recognised. The focus of this Women’s Centre was to talk about how they could change society. Then injured women started to arrive in great distress, with children and hastily packed bags. The Centre, staffed by a roster of women, became a Safe House.

They thought there would be just a few isolated cases, rented the other half of the house, and were soon overflowing with distressed women. It was decided to retain the Kilmore Street house as a discussion centre and look for another Safe House. They approached the Christchurch City Council who were initially not interested in assisting battered women. Rosemary refused to leave the Council offices until they gave her a house, which they eventually did, in Hastings Street, Sydenham, and so the first Women’s Refuge in Aotearoa was established. Previously women who experienced domestic violence might go to their local church or to the Society for the Protection of Home and Family, but the topic of violence against women was not to be mentioned. The police were not supportive at the time, but were persuaded to run some staff education programmes.

From 1973 to 1977 the Refuge was run by a roster of volunteers and many women from the Chippenham Community were involved. Other women asked how they could help – some gave goods, others pledged a dollar a week. In 1973 the Labour Government introduced the Domestic Purposes Benefit (DPB) which gave single mothers the opportunity for economic independence. The Refuge set up a network of contacts in Christchurch to assist women with accessing DPB and State Housing.

Fundraising was an important activity. For instance Refuge ran a champagne party at the Arts Centre supported by the Court Theatre. Actors offered a play called The Liberation of the Shrew and a substantial amount was raised. Rosemary spoke to service clubs asking for money, but the response was often negative, because the reality of domestic violence was not believed.

The beginning of Refuge has not been well-documented, because the work was all voluntary, underground, and secret. In 1977 some roles became paid with Government funding. Importantly the issue of domestic violence in this country was recognised. Instances of this increased after the Christchurch earthquakes, and again with Cyclone Gabrielle so vigilance and activism are still required.

On the Avon Ōtākaro riverbank near The Bricks there are two kowhai trees planted by Daphne Terpstra, Dame Ann Hercus, and Lady Hay to mark National Awareness Week for Women’s Refuges throughout New Zealand in 1988. Daphne was the woman we bought our cottage from, and she told us that it had sometimes been used for the overflow from the Refuge. I wonder if this site was chosen for the memorial because of its proximity to 249 Kilmore Street.

Memorial kowhai trees on riverbank

In the 1990s I worked at the Women’s Centre which was then in Cathedral Square. It had been set up as a link between Refuge and the wider community. The women there taught me about power and control, and about working collectively.

Do you have Refuge memories you’d care to share publicly?

The women looking after others
with care for children and their mothers

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Michael Brown told of how he and his family sailed from Lyttelton to Tonga and Fiji, then back again in the early 1990s. He and his wife Sue are both writers, and Michael is an excellent storyteller, who didn’t hide his emotion when relating some of the more moving parts of his narrative.

One day Michael and Sue shared that they’d both been dreaming of making a voyage, and they decided to go ahead, together with their two sons who were aged 10 and 6 at the time they left. Sue had no sailing experience, and Michael’s was limited to a small P class yacht when he was at school. A campaign was launched (mainly by women) to try and stop them taking their children into danger, but they went ahead regardless. They had some practice voyages around the coast, then the family of four set off from Lyttelton.

Their boat was similar to this

Mt Pinatubo had recently erupted, which meant the weather in the Pacific was the worst it had been for half a century. Out of Lyttelton they encountered a gale near Kaikoura and their mainsail blew out, so they needed to return to Lyttelton for repairs. Michael related how in a hurricane force storm the only two things above water were his head and the mast. Having survived that felt fantastic, and they kept going into the next gales.

South-west of Tonga they sailed past Ata Island where a group of six Tongan boys had been shipwrecked in1965 and waited 15 months to be rescued. Contrary to the story of The Lord of the Flies these boys had been well organised and were in perfect health. Michael reported that his sons had similarly stepped up and met all challenges while afloat. However, when they were on land they reverted to usual boyish behaviour. The two boys kept daily diaries, and did Correspondence School work while they were away.

Michael and Sue wrote a book about their adventures titled The Taming of the Crew, which is available at Tūranga for in-library use only, and can be purchased from Amazon.

This courageous family of four
weren’t daunted by the risks offshore

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Mayor’s Musings

Our new Mayor, Phil Mauger, addressed this year’s first meeting of U.3.A. Phil is very different from our previous Mayor, Lianne Dalziel, and I miss her. I have yet to meet anyone who voted for Phil, but as the turnout for the local body elections was low, that is perhaps not surprising.

Phil is enthusiastic for his new role and told us the last few months have been a very big learning curve for him.

Mayor Phil Mauger

He spoke about the City’s Annual Plan, the draft of which will be out for comment next month. At it stands there will be a rates rise of 5.6%, and recent revaluations mean lower priced houses will have a higher percentage rates rise.

The longer term plan looks at development and growth in Greater Christchurch. Spatial planning identifies where residential growth can occur, and where transport and activities could go. Plan Change 14 would give effect to the Government’s demand for intensification of housing. Planning would move to regional committees, but there is concern that local communities may not be able to have input about their areas, and any transition will not be easy. Christchurch is the only city who did not accept the Government’s plan for intensification, and the Council is working to get exemptions.

Long term the city faces challenges over inflation, insurance, and interest rates. Phil suggests the Council could sell the tiny bits of surplus land it owns. At present 16 cents of every rates dollar goes to servicing debt. Our city is on the cusp of realising the investment of the past decade, and we need to balance needs and challenges. He pointed out that Te Pai, the Convention Centre, brought in $45 million in its first year of operation, and believes the new Metro Sports Centre and Stadium will bring in even more.

Questioned about the Airport Company’s plans to build a new airport in Tarras, Central Otago, Phil said it would be unlikely to benefit Christchurch. Going ahead with the project depends on getting resource consent, and that is unlikely, especially with climate change.

When an audience member noted that in the past Government has ignored local knowledge and advice, Phil responded that a better relationship with Government is being developed and they are listening to us.

Referring to Three Waters, Phil pointed out that an alternative proposal has been endorsed by 39 Mayors, which offers Government an escape route. He believes the original proposal would lead to problems similar to those that have been experienced with the amalgamation of Polytechs.

Our new Mayor wants to keep rates down
and keep good services in town

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I was keen to see this film after reading the autobiography of filmmaker Gaylene Preston, but I must admit I found it depressing. It covers the year in 2016 when Helen Clark made a bid to be the first woman Secretary General of the United Nations. For the first time the process for election was supposed to be open and transparent, but in fact the same old men made the same old decisions. If we want change at the U.N. the whole system will need to change and this is now unlikely to happen for another decade, if ever.

Helen Clark is always an interesting woman, and it was good to see how she kept regular contact with and cared for her aging father. This would have been a very different film if Helen’s bid had been successful.

A friend in Wellington kindly sent me this DVD as a gift. I will not want to watch it again, so if you’re interested, please let me know, and I will pass it on.

She tried for top job at U.N.
but was rebuffed by biased men

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My Dunedin motel had a bench-top induction unit. I’d never used one of these, and there were no instructions, but I managed to poach two eggs for breakfast and felt pleased with myself. The rain had stopped so I headed downtown with a small umbrella but no parka. Tired of carrying a backpack with everything in it I took just a handbag which included a shopping bag. After my success in getting a bus ride back to the motel the previous day I looked hopefully at the stop across the road, but it seemed I’d just missed one bus and although several routes go that way the Saturday timetable indicated I might wait an hour for another.

Mural in George Street

So I walked towards the Octagon, stopping at a pharmacy which offered free hearing tests. My G.P. has suggested it would be worthwhile getting an assessment of my hearing which could provide a base line in case of later need, so I went in. The self-test by Triton Hearing consisted of listening through headphones and entering the digits I heard on a keyboard. They later emailed me to say my result is a strong indicator of hearing difficulties and a full diagnostic hearing assessment is recommended, but I plan to wait until I notice difficulties.

Near the Octagon I was surprised to be greeted by an old friend from Christchurch. She was coming from the Farmers’ Market at the Railway Station which was where I was headed. This is a great venue with a wide variety of stalls, all selling food or plants, no craft items at all.

Farmers’ Market at Dunedin Railway Station

I couldn’t resist some fine looking radishes, and bought tiny turnips to take back to Christchurch. I stopped to rest on the bus stop near the New World Supermarket where the only passing buses were cruise ship shuttles, so I walked all the way back to the motel, and on the way discovered the Playhouse Theatre.

Fantasy mural beside the Playhouse Theatre

Back at the motel I managed to get my tablet connected to WiFi, which was useful for checking email and the weather forecast, but I couldn’t access this blog. At lunch time I finally manged to open the bottle of fruit juice I’d bought the day before. Because I’m “losing my grip” I usually get Stephen to unscrew any difficult tops, and this had eluded me the previous evening. I was able to pierce some of the small metal connections with the tip of a vegetable knife and the juice tasted good.

Despite the forecast of rain I left my parka behind when I headed to Otago Museum. I was keen to visit their Tropical Forest, but felt it wasn’t as good as it had been on previous visits. There weren’t as many butterflies, although I did get one to perch on my finger. The quail, which I adore, have all been replaced by a few parakeets.

Butterfly on my finger

In the early evening I went to the Playhouse Theatre and saw The Real Inspector Hound by Tom Stoppard, performed by the Dunedin Repertory Society. A rather strange play, but well performed in an old theatre with difficult access. I felt some of the acting was over the top, but probably suitable for the piece.

Dunedin has a lot to see
all close to centre of city

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Russian aggression against Ukraine and the new media ecology was the subject of an enthralling talk by Natalia Chaban. She is a Professor in the Department of Media and Communications at the University of Canterbury, and the President of the Australia and New Zealand Ukraine Studies Association. Natalia comes from Ukraine, and researches political communications, but never thought she would be studying a war in her own country. Having been in Aotearoa since 2002, Natalia can see the Ukraine conflict both from within and from outside.

She spoke of how media love war, scandal, and bloodshed, but the level of media attention on Ukraine in Aotearoa has now dropped. The Western audience has little patience for a long and costly war where they see no clear threat, and the goal of the Ukrainian Government is to make sure the war is not forgotten.

In 2014 Russia annexed Crimea and the Donbas region. The shooting down of Malaysia Airlines Flight17, and the humanitarian crisis in Donbas was news at the time, but the war smouldered on for eight years, with little attention until Russia invaded Ukraine in February of this year. So, what is different in 2022? The Global Soft Power Index shows that there has been a change, with improved perception of Ukraine.

Ukraine is the largest country in Europe, with a relatively old population of 43 million. By 6 September12 million had left the country and 7 million had been internally displaced. Natalia’s parents evacuated from Ukraine a few days after the invasion. A car journey that would usually take 24 hours took them three days. They were unable to sleep because the line of cars kept slowly moving. The Government had asked evacuees not to use GPS as this would alert the Russians to where the cars were, so Natalia navigated for her parents from her home in Christchurch.

Natalia comes from the city of Cherkasy in central Ukraine where there were 34 schools. She and her sister went to Russian-speaking schools, because at that time it was the best option to prepare for a professional career. Before the collapse of the Soviet Union four schools were Ukrainian-speaking, and 30 were Russian-speaking. After independence this ratio was completely reversed. Natalia pointed out that ethnicity doesn’t mean patriotism, and many ethnic Russians are fiercely devoted to Ukraine. In post Soviet Ukraine there was democracy and freedom, with new values formed, and this is why Ukraine is determined to keep fighting. This short video shows how the country was flourishing before the invasion.

The war in Ukraine is the first to have been fully fought with immediate internet information, and information about the war is much more accessible than it was in 2014. President Zelenskyy had for the previous decade been a scathing satirical commentator. He is a lawyer, a businessman, and a millionaire, having made his money from a humour empire. Zelenskyy is often seen with people, in contrast to Russia’s President Putin. He understands the media, is accommodating, open, and sincere, and knows the power of dramatic scenes. Through Zoom diplomacy he meets with policy-makers all round the world, and receives standing ovations. He also pursues celebrity diplomacy, with stars such as Mark Hamill (Luke Sky-walker). All his top advisers have a sense of humour, and he collaborates with exiled Russian opposition commentators.

Ukraine has benefitted from psychological operations such as winning the Eurovision Song Contest. Ukrainian soldiers dancing on TikTok show the human side of the Ukrainian army. First Lady Olena Zelenska has proved to be the country’s secret weapon. When she appeared on the cover of Vogue wearing ordinary clothes and sitting in a traditionally masculine pose she inspired a new tag #Sit like a girl.

When asked why it is that no-one smiles in Russia, Natalia explained that scientifically different cultures have different neutral faces. There is a pre-Christian belief in the Soviet area that you need to not smile to deceive the spirits into thinking that things are not going well for you, so they don’t try to make things worse. When she took her baby to Ukraine her husband was surprised that people commented “ugly baby”, but this was done to deceive the spirits.

Internet trolls were active in Ukraine before the invasion, and since then activity has multiplied. Natalia noted that just yesterday a Russian businessman, a close ally of Putin, admitted that he had interfered in the U.S. elections, and would continue to do so. The power of global social media is strong and to avoid being manipulated people need to develop the skills to compare different perspectives.

Asked about the bombing of power stations and what this will mean in a severe winter, Natalia said the effects on electricity, water supply, and sewage were very stressful. However such bombing makes people angrier, and more determined, and strengthens their resolve. Ukraine has many nuclear and hydro power stations, but the distribution infrastructure is under threat. The Government has asked those who left the country not to return during winter. It’s likely that three million people from Kyev will be evacuated to the countryside. Ukraine is looking for solutions and not giving up.

When asked how Aotearoa can best help Ukraine, Natalia said we are already doing much with targetted sanctions, special visas, and support in global forums. Individuals can donate money to the National Bank of Ukraine. Most important is to discuss the situation with our family, friends, and networks, to ensure the world keeps talking about it.

We need to stand beside Ukraine
until they can be free again

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Equitable Energy

Sheralee MacDonald,who is an Innovation Facilitator for Orion, told us of various ways in which that company is assisting work towards a zero carbon future which we aim to reach by 2050. Orion is the community-owned electricity distributor for Canterbury, covering the area from the Waimakariri to the Rakaia, and up to Arthur’s Pass. Locally we get electricity mainly from the hydro power station at Lake Coleridge, but there are currently many proposals being considered for large solar farms, including Kowhai Park near the Christchurch Airport.

It’s surprising to know that in 1918 there were 200 electric trucks in Christchurch, although their speed and range was limited.

In recent years there has been a huge increase in the number of solar panels being installed on houses, and the number of shared vehicles is growing, all helping us to limit our carbon emissions. We will need more electricity as coal use decreases and more people move to electric vehicles. The challenge is to balance supply with demand.

Energy Equity is a strategy to ensure that no-one is left behind because they can’t afford new technologies. For example, through Empower Energy those who have extra solar power can donate it to those who need it.

People who live in housing units where different owners have different electricity retailers can share solar energy through Multiple Trading Relationships. If you’d like to know more about surveys and trials under way Orion have a forum for this.

Electrical energy is a basic human need, and a change in our behaviour is as necessary as new technology. I didn’t learn much that was new from Sheralee’s presentation, but it was interesting to get an overview.

Unfortunately we devour
a bit too much electric power

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John Marks, an inveterate traveller, spoke to us this morning about his love of train travel. In his youth he often went to Dunedin on a steam train, and through the hill to Lyttelton on an electric train. He’s travelled on many trains, in Aotearoa and overseas, and has enjoyed the steam train at Weka Pass.

Weka Pass steam engine approaching Glenmark Station

John’s favourite steam train trip is the Mainline steam four day expedition from Christchurch to Westport and return.

Today he talked about the trips he’s taken on The Ghan, a trip Stephen and I did in early 2019. This is the longest north to south train journey in the world, and is named for the Afghan cameleers who helped the British access the interior of Australia in the 19th century. It was in 2004 that the train made its first trip from Adelaide to Darwin on a standard gauge line. As John said, it’s like taking a cruise, but on a train. His anecdotes were for me a nostalgic reminder of the luxury of this way of travel. His first trip was in 2015, and he started in Darwin, whereas we had gone the other way from Adelaide. John showed many photos of the Nitmiluk Gorge at Katherine, which was also a highlight of our trip. His second time on the Ghan was early this year, when he stopped at Alice Springs to take a week’s detour to see Uluru. My main memory of Alice Springs is the excitement of a camel ride.

Ruth riding a camel at Alice Springs

John told us he and his wife have booked to take the Indian Pacific from Perth to Sydney next year. I felt envious! Perhaps we’ll manage to ride the Coastal Pacific before long.

I dearly love to go by train
see local sights in new terrain

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The history of Tuahiwi, a Kāi Tahu village in North Canterbury, was the subject of a talk by Antony Nihoniho, who has made this the subject of his PhD research. He stressed that the dynamics of both cultural groups, Māori and British, were equally valid, and that the history he was presenting was an example of the colonial process that went on throughout Aotearoa. In the early days there were six Māori communities with marae in Christchurch, and Kāi Tuahūriri were the most influential historically, and now. They saw land as not able to be owned, but rather conferring responsibilities, and giving the right to resources. The rights of the individual were embedded in the community, and rights of access came through highly complex relationships with land and people.

In England in the 18th and 19th centuries there had been a change from feudalism to capitalism, and land had been commodified. Acts of Enclosure created legal property rights to land previously held in common and many rural people became paupers. After their land was no longer available the only thing they had left to sell was their labour. As some British moved to Aotearoa there was a clash between how people viewed land and its ownership.

Kāi Tahu had moved to Te Wai Pounamu/ the South Island and absorbed the tribes of Waitaha and Ngāti Māmoe. In 1700 they established a pā at Kaiapoi (Kai-a-poi, the place food was swung in and out of) which was the centre of the Kāi Tahu economy. In the late 1790s sealers and whalers settled, especially in the south of the island, and inter-marriage was widespread. The Kāi Tahu economy thrived, and included international trade. In 1829-32 Te Rauparaha sacked the Kaiapoi Pā. At the same time Māori were affected by measles, influenza, and tuberculosis pandemics, introduced by immigrants.

In 1840 Te Tiriti o Waitangi was signed, and between 1844 and 1864 most of the South Island was sold under eight deeds known as the Kāi Tahu Covenants. The largest of these was the Kemp Deed of 1848, where 20 million acres were sold for £2,000. The Deed had two versions, in Māori and English, and they were different. It was promised that 10% of the land would be reserved for Kāi Tahu and that schools and hospitals would be provided. Māori expected they would still have access to food sources, but neither this expectation or the promises were fulfilled. Kāi Tahu were given just 6,356 acres, with no schools or hospitals, the British expectation being that the tribe would soon die out. From 1849 Kāi Tahu claimed that the Deed was neither just nor honoured, and they pleaded for land to be allocated so they could participate in the growing economy. The tribe descended into abject poverty with children dying, and people living in squalor unable to feed their families.

After the sacking of Kaiapoi Pā people fled south and settled at Tuahiwi, the home of Ngāi Tūāhuriri, which became the centre of Kāi Tahu recovery. Families were allocated just 14 acres each, despite the fact that the British believed 50 acres was the minimum to sustain a family. From 1848 the Canterbury Association surveyed and sold land, and in 1853 the Canterbury Provincial Council was established. Swamps and wetlands were drained. Pastoral farming was imposed and boomed, but Kāi Tahu were unable to participate. By 1865 572 farms had been established by settlers north of the Waimakariri. Kāi Tahu were unable to vote or stand for local body elections, e.g. for school and drainage boards, and Agricultural and Pastoral Associations. Land which had been in Kāi Tahu ownership was purchased by people sitting on local boards, and only one-third of the Tuahiwi Village is occupied by Māori today. Lawyers were allowed to represent both the Māori owners and the Pākehā purchasers, and sometimes bought land themselves. Benefits available to non-Māori were not available to Māori. In 1966 Rangiora County Council decreed that only one house was allowed on each ten acres, (remember, Māori whanau had only 14 acres each), and this was not changed until 2011. Tuahiwi was not provided with water-lines, sewerage, footpaths, or other amenities.

Antony spoke of his paternal grandmother, Te Uira Barrett (1907-79) who had been a significant landowner and should have had a prosperous life. In 1937 there was a Māori Housing Survey where each family was graded. Extensive records of this were kept, with patronising comments judging whether some Māori were able to live “like Europeans”. Because there was little alternative, land was either leased or sold. Te Uira went from owning five sections to just one, and in the 1930s gained a subsidy to build a house there.

Kāi Tahu are no longer invisible, and today are involved in assisting the Christchurch City Council in caring for the land, as can be seen in many aspects of the Christchurch rebuild. Antony spoke movingly of how, just two months ago, he was privileged and honoured to be able to buy back a section at Tuahiwi that was originally his family’s land, and will now be occupied by an eighth generation.

He spoke of how all parties involved had been trying to operate out of the best interests of their family, and considered how we can prevent such a disaster happening again. One way is to make the partnership between our two peoples work.

The story told of Tuahiwi
applies also to other Kiwi

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Mental Health and Addictions in Canterbury was the topic of a talk by Monique Gale who is the local Portfolio Manager for Mental Health. It was especially appropriate as this is Mental Health Awareness Week.

Monique, whose background is in social work, gave an outline of He Ara Oranga, the 2018 Report of the Government Inquiry into Mental Health and Addiction. She also spoke about Pae Ora, the Healthy Futures Act which came into being on 1 July 2022, and will change the public health system. We are currently in transition from 20 District Health Boards to four regional systems. This will take considerable time and work, but eventually health IT systems will all be able to talk to each other, and your health records will be available anywhere in Aotearoa. The biggest challenge is to recruit a suitably trained workforce. At present there are positions which are funded, but cannot be filled.

There are many self-care digital services available for mental health, and these can be accessed by phoning 1737. Mental health services all have targets for wait times, and in Canterbury wait times have been especially high for child and youth services, with a recent huge increase in demand. A new building at Hillmorton Hospital, due to open early 2023 will include the “stranded” services currently still at Princess Margaret Hospital. There has been an increase in NGO care, sometimes offered in a peer support model.

Te Tumu Waiora is a grass roots service where mental health care is embedded in General Practices, and staffed by Health Coaches and Health Improvement Practitioners. More women than men access mental health services, and there have been large increases in the demand for this, especially since the earthquakes and the mosque massacre.

Monique was asked whether there was meaningful extra funding to deal with the aftermath of the earthquakes as there are often no therapists available. She replied that staffing was an ongoing problem, and that young people in particular are facing multiple crises, including Covid and Climate Change. Restrictions in the training of Clinical Psychologists and General Practitioners are mainly caused by the lack of suitable placements.

Asked about the high rate of suicide in Aotearoa, Monique pointed out that the End Of Life Choice Act passed in 2019, may lead to an increase in suicide as has happened in other countries with similar laws. This is because people start to understand that they have a choice.

She finished by reminding us about the Five Ways to Wellbeing, which are so important, and pointed out how coming to U3A helped us to meet those five ways.

I was the person chosen today to thank our speaker, Monique (an opportunity to Give). Having been well-trained in Tecorians, public speaking does not daunt me. However I was somewhat daunted by the fact that most of her talk had been theoretical, and I am cynical as to how much is actually in operation.

We must remember to be gentle
take special care of health that’s mental

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